In 2009 paper prepared by Michael Dewing for the Canadian Parliament, multiculturalism was characterized as many different religious traditions and cultural influences which in their unity and coexistence result in a unique Canadian cultural mosaic. This policy of multiculturalism was officially adopted by the Government of Canada under Pierre Trudeau during the 1970s and 1980s. Canada’s multiculturalism policy has been hailed as a success both in Canada and around the world. Yet, despite this apparent success, Canadians attitudes towards immigration and multiculturalism have been changing of late, in an Ipsos poll conducted last year, 54% of Canadians indicated that Canada is too welcoming to immigrants. In another recent poll by CBC, 57% of Canadians indicated that Canada should not be accepting more refugees while 24% mentioned that too many immigrants stem from visible minorities. Yearly surveys by Angus Reid clearly point to a growing desire by Canadians for lower levels of immigration:
This rising discontent with immigration is translating into the birth of political parties such as the People’s Party which is openly calling for the phaseout of Multiculturalism and the preservation of “Canadian values and culture”. Meanwhile in Quebec laws have been passed to ban religious symbols in effort to protect secularism. There has also been a rise in hate crimes, with hate crimes against Muslims, Jews and black people hitting record in 2017 (last year of available data).
Also, reference this latest poll on the State of Canadian Society
· Is Multiculturalism still the right policy for Canada?
· Why do you think Canadian’s have grown more skeptical of immigration of late?
· Is Canada welcoming too many or too few immigrants?
· Is Canada’s merit-based immigration policy fair or self serving?
· Why do you think Canada has been more successful than Europe in integrating a large number of immigrants? Can this success continue?
· Can a culture be composed of many cultures? Or is the Canadian multiculturalism ideal a mirage?